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2013. március 20.

Women and Gender Inequalities in the Context of the Crisis

The European Parliament is dedicating International Women’s Day on 8 March 2013 to the "women's response to the crisis".

In this connection, the European Parliament asked TNS Opinion to carry out a Flash telephone survey. The fieldwork was carried out between 4 and 7 February 2013 in the 27 EU Member States, 25,556 European citizens were interviewed.

The questions focused on women and gender inequalities in the context of the crisis. Among the other subjects addressed: recruitment selection criteria and priority measures to be promoted with a view to the 2014 European elections.

Before outlining the main trends highlighted by the survey, it is worth pointing out the following:
  • Europeans rank the pay gap (38%) as the most important gender inequality, followed jointly by violence against women (34%) and the greater difficulties for women in reconciling their private and working lives (34%).
  • Almost one in three Europeans say that the crisis has in particular worsened the pay gap (30%) and made it more difficult for women to reconcile their private and working lives (30%).
  • When asked which areas have been most affected by the crisis, respondents mentioned:
    • the later entrance of young graduates into the job market (46%)
    • the increase in insecure work (42%)
    • the fact that some people work in jobs that do not correspond to their level of qualifications (37%)
  • Two out of three Europeans (66%) consider that jobs and combating unemployment, especially youth unemployment should be the top priority.
  • Europeans were asked about the most important aspects which an employer takes into account when recruiting a man or a woman. It is interesting to note that the criteria highlighted differ radically depending on whether the recruitment concerns a man or a woman.
  • For almost half of women "increasing the availability of child care facilities" would be the most effective measure for getting or keeping a job.
  • The respondents consider that the candidates in the next European elections in 2014 should give priority:
    • to tackling the pay gap (21%)
    • to violence against women (16%)
    • to the greater difficulties women have in reconciling their private and working lives (16%).
Source: European Parliament